- Special Focus
- Published Date
- Hilma Hashange
- Hits: 749
The need for potable water and basic sanitation services across the country was identified at Independence as one of the major basic essential needs of which the people, especially those living in communal areas, had been deprived. The water and sanitation situation prevailing in the country is characterised by scarce water resources, poor access to running water in rural areas and a large percentage of the population living in vulnerable conditions in informal settlements.
The situation, which has become worse over the years, requires accelerated research and development of dry sanitation systems and affordable solutions for low income communities.
Most people residing in informal settlements still do not enjoy basic sanitation services.
Currently in its second year, the Namibia National Sanitation Strategic plan for the period 2010/11 to 2014/15 is a framework that outlines the approaches and activities that the sanitation sector intends to take in order to achieve sustainable success in the medium term. It provides an integrated roadmap of where the sanitation sector is going over the next five years. It also serve as a communication vehicle to reach residents of informal settlements. It was envisioned that by 2012, national sanitation coverage should reach 65%, urban coverage 92.6% and rural coverage 50%. However, these targets are yet to be achieved.
The vision of the sanitation sector as stated in the strategic plan is to provide a healthy environment and improved quality of life for 66% of the population by 2015. This implies adequate sanitation with a high level of hygiene. The 2007 Demographic and Health Survey indicates large differences in sanitation coverage across the different regions and although access to safe water for the rural population has increased from 43% in 1991 to 80% in 2001, sanitation coverage in rural areas has not progressed according to expectations. By 2009 only 13% of the rural population had access to improved sanitation with 61% of the urban population having access to improved sanitation.
People living in informal settlements such as Havana on the outskirts of Windhoek, use make-shift toilets made from plastic refuse bags and cardboard which according to the residents, pose a hazardous risk because anyone can use them. The residents are also concerned about their children who are at risk of getting infected by the proliferation of bacteria in the toilets. The same abodes are used as bathrooms.
Improving safe solid waste disposal and safe hygienic practices have a great health impact, therefore efficient utilisation of the water resources of the country and environmentally sustainable development of sanitation is a pivotal concept in the National Sanitation Strategic Plan.
In this policy framework it is recognised that sanitation brings additional benefits such as dignity, privacy and jobs are created by constructing latrines.
The budget to implement initiatives in the sanitation strategic plan is set at N$1.579 billion over the five year period, with an average of N$316 million per year. The cost of the plan in 2010 was N$229 million and will increase to N$404 million in 2015.
- Articles In This Category
- VW SA rewards hardwork (808 hits)Special FocusA sales executive with Zimmermann Garage, Johan de Klerk was recently honoured as the Best Salesman for Volkswagen in the 2011 Golden Circle...Ondangwa first new-look Total (162 hits)Special FocusThe first new look service station for Total Namibia was opened in December in Ondangwa. King’s Service Station is the first of many new and...More pedestrians killed on Easter (70 hits)Special FocusThe past Easter weekend recorded a high number of accidents, with at least three pedestrians losing their lives. According to statistics provided by...Special FocusAt a glamorous event last week, the Frans Indongo Group announced it will take over the shareholding of Mr Rolf Ritter in Ritters Toyota. The...MVA Fund staff help save lives (204 hits)Special FocusThis week, employees of the MVA Fund took it upon themselves to answer the call of the Namibian Blood Transfusion Services (NAMBTS), to meet the...Disappointing end for 2012 vehicle sales (166 hits)Special FocusJingle Bells rocked at a minimum during the December period with vehicle sales showing a 20-month low. Sales figures provided by the National...A tribute to the late Harold Pupkewitz (938 hits)Special FocusThe passing away of the Namibian Employer’s Federation (NEF) Past-President, Mr Harold Pupkewitz, on Friday, 27 April 2012, represents the end of...Emergency medical care at Sesriem (1237 hits)Special FocusResidents of Sesriem and the surrounding areas will no longer have to travel long distances to access medical services, more so for those injured on...Motor show winners revealed (741 hits)Special FocusLast week Friday, ten lucky winners won breakaway weekends to some of the country’s top accommodation establishments after entering the Bank...RA starts new district roads (89 hits)Special FocusThe Roads Authority has entered into an agreement with Namibbeton for the construction of the DR3674, from Onayena to Omahenge, starting in the...
- Related Articles
- EducationAfter just a year of teaching at the Divundu Combined School in 2010, Scott Karrel, has come back to help change the lives of the school children of...
- Latest Articles
- Mobilising BEE power in tourism (151 hits)HeadlinesEntrepreneurship is said to be the main driver for economic growth hence the need for promoting and training entrepreneurs especially those engaged...Houses by the thousands (147 hits)HeadlinesA massive housing development programme, which will see a major facelift of the country’s informal settlements, is in its final stages of...From ECB to Energy Regulator (147 hits)HeadlinesThe transformation of the Electricity Control Board to a broader Energy Regulator is well on track with the final industry adjustments taking place....How many billions can the mattress hold? (11 hits)Editors DeskMy views on the informal economy are regularly sought by policy makers and entrepreneurs alike. The reason is rather straightforward: by all...WeatherWhat happened? Major disparities are prevalent across the three dimensional atmospheric range as revealed by the synoptic charts for surface levels:...